Maria Martinez Pottery

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San Ildefonso Pueblo

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Latest Potters:

Signed Josephine Vigil or J.C. Vigil or Albert and Jose... Josephine Vigil

Tonita Peña, whose Indian name was Quah Ah Tonita Pena Herrera

San Juan Pueblo... Fidel Onquan Peen Archuleta

Josefita Martinez



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Welcome to Maria Julian Pottery home of

Maria Martinez

and

Julian Martinez

We are dedicated to preserving their history and the history of San Ildefonso Pueblo Pottery. More about the

San Ildefonso Pueblo History

.


Featured Potter
Kathy Sanchez

Here is an excerpt form a 1997 Stout Foundation Report:

Kathy Sanchez, an Indigenous American potter from the historic San Ildefonso Pueblo, spent a week on the University of Wisconsin-Stout campus Sept. 16-20 during which she demonstrated her 1500-year-old craft. Sponsored by a grant from the Stout University Foundation Inc., Sanchez was the guest of the department of art and design.

Sanchez carries on the tradition of her late great- grandmother, Maria Martinez, a world-famous potter. Known as blackware, her pottery is carried on through the extended family of San Ildefonso Pueblo potters. This traditional ware is now sought after and prized throughout the world.

Though often termed “primitive,” the process she uses is really quite complex. The reddish earthenware pots are shaped by hand and, when dry, are coated with an earthenware slip. Before this “veneer” can completely dry, the surface is then polished with a smooth river stone. The stones themselves are prized tools, often passed down through generations of potters. After polishing, the pot is decorated with images and symbols of the Pueblo’s beliefs and heritage. Traditionally, a yucca plant “brush” with a chewed tip is used to decorate the earthenware.

After drying, the pottery is placed on an open grate over cedar kindling and the pieces covered with thin metal such as flattened tin cans, old sheet metal and even surplus army food trays. Around this mound, either slab wood or dried dung cakes are stacked and, after all is ready, the kindling is ignited and the entire mound begins to burn.

When the potter determines that the firing has progressed far enough, the flaming mound is quickly smothered with pulverized cow or horse manure. Then the “kiln” is covered with ashes from previous firings and allowed to smoke or carbonize for 45 minutes to an hour.

When the pots are removed, the reddish polished areas have turned into a rich shiny black and the decorated areas a mat black, clearly in contrast to the surface of the pot. The effect is totally unlike any other unglazed pottery one might see. As Pueblo potters have gained more economic independence, their work continues to mature and develop.

Sanchez has received numerous awards, such as the Smithsonian Native American Scholar Fellowship to research archival museum artifacts and a National Endowment for the Arts grant to produce a video, titled “Pi’ee Quiyo Spirit Woman of Clay,” chronicling six generations of Martinez blackware traditional pottery. She has been instrumental in helping to establish the Tewa Women United, a group comprised of women from eight pueblos in the Santa Fe area and dedicated to focusing “...self-esteem building, values clarification, communication skills, assertiveness training, adjustment to life transitions, alcohol education, issues of co- dependency and goal setting.” Her most recent involvement in this issue was her attendance at the International Womens’ Conference held last year in Beijing.

ARTIST DIRECTORY
An alphabetic artist list to help you find information quickly.

POTTERY
A detailed photo gallery of potters including Julian Martinez and his families work.

ANCESTRY
Here is an in-depth ancestry chart (family tree) along with photos and information on each person from San Ildefonso. We are striving to get every detail know and if you have any knowledge please share it with us!

SIGNATURES
The gallery of signatures is very important to the preservation of the pottery history. Please let us know if you have any signatures that we are missing or are not correctly identified.

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Not affiliated with the San Ildefonso Pueblo.
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