Maria Martinez Pottery


San Ildefonso Pueblo

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Latest Potters:

..Jeanette was born in 1944 and her Indian name is “P... Jeanette Piatt

Lorenzo Gonzales

Juan Tafoya(d) was born in 1949 and has been making pot... Juan Tafoya

If you have any idea who this is, please let us know! ... Paceualita unknown

Larencita Gonzales Torres .. Daughter of Lorenzo G... Larencita Gonzales

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Welcome to Maria Julian Pottery home of

Maria Martinez


Julian Martinez

We are dedicated to preserving their history and the history of San Ildefonso Pueblo Pottery. More about the

San Ildefonso Pueblo History


Featured Potter
Rose Gonzales

Rose Cata Gonzales was born in San Juan Pueblo around the turn of the century. When she was very young her parents died during a swine flu epidemic. She and her sister Pomasen were left orphans and lived with a relative, Mary Cata. In 1920 Rose married Robert Gonzales and, along with her sister, moved to his native pueblo of San Ildefonso. It was her mother-in-law, Ramona Sanchez Gonzales, who taught Rose how to make pottery. She learned the methods of black-on-black, polished blackware and black-on-red. By 1930 she began to create very refined and highly polished, blackware and redware. The fine redware she made came from her home tradition of San Juan pueblo.

In 1930 she also began her innovative process of deep carved pottery. Her carved blackware pottery was an original creation. She credits a shard of carved pottery that was found by her husband while deer hunting for giving her the idea. Using a sharp knife and a chisel she would carve out her designs. She carefully sanded her edges to create a “cameo” style with the design standing out in low relief. She would then sand the edges of her design to create more rounded forms. She used an old-style yucca brush when adding painted designs to her pieces. Some of her favorite designs were the Avanyu (water serpent), birds, clouds, seeds uncurling, thunderbird (mythology) figures and kiva steps.

When firing she used juniper wood and cow dung, placing the pots upside down on a metal grate to allow the flames to swirl evenly around them. She would often fire up to twenty pots at a time.

During the 1930s and 40s she traded these innovative pots for food, allowing her to feed her large family. By the 1970s she had received numerous awards from the Santa Fe Indian Market, the Gallup Intertribal Ceremonial and had become a well-known and successful potter. Rose taught her son Tse-Pe to make pottery along with his wife Dora and their daughter Irene. Rose and Tse-Pe sometimes worked together, especially when creating pottery in duotones (two shades of the same color). While Tse-Pe also carves pottery he prefers sgraffito, which is carving designs in low relief.

Rose had a major influence on pottery making at San Ildefonso and today her pieces have become highly valued by collectors. She died in 1989.

An alphabetic artist list to help you find information quickly.

A detailed photo gallery of potters including Julian Martinez and his families work.

Here is an in-depth ancestry chart (family tree) along with photos and information on each person from San Ildefonso. We are striving to get every detail know and if you have any knowledge please share it with us!

The gallery of signatures is very important to the preservation of the pottery history. Please let us know if you have any signatures that we are missing or are not correctly identified.

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